系表结构

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系表结构就是说明物质的一个性质,而不是一个动作之类,如 I am 、he is,它们就是。is、are、am都是系动词。
中文名
系表结构
外文名
System structure
构    成
连系动词和表语
释    义
物质的一个基本性质

目录

系表结构表语

编辑
下列成分都可以做表语:名词形容词副词动词不定式动名词过去分词现在分词表语从句
使用举例(注意:连系动词不能够单独作谓语,他们必须和表语一起工作构成谓语):
1) 名词:
False: I am.
Right: I am a student.
2) 形容词:
False: He became.
Right: He became strong.
3) 副词:
False: She remained.
Right: She remained there.
4) 现在分词:
False: The story seemed.(这个故事似乎。)
Right: The story seemed interesting.(这个故事看起来很有趣。)
5) 过去分词:
False: The window seemed.(窗口似乎。)
Right: The window seemed broken.(窗口似乎打破了。)
6) 动名词:
False: His job is teach English.(他的工作是教英语。)
Right: His job is teaching English.(他的工作是教英语。)
7) 动词不定式:
False: Her plan is become the winner in the game.(她的计划是成为游戏的赢家。)
Right: Her plan is to become the winner in the game.(她的计划是成为游戏的赢家。)
/////6)和7)的区别:
6)中动名词表示某人经常干某事:她从星期一到星期五天天教英语;
7)中动词不定式表示某人将要干某事:她的计划是将要成为比赛的胜者。
8) 表语从句:
False:The question is.(问题是)
Right:The question is whether he will come here in time tomorrow.(问题是他是否会在明天来这里的时候。)
Right:The question is what he is going to do next.(问题是他接下来要做什么。)
Right:The question is how he has managed to solve the problem by himself.(问题是他是如何设法自己解决问题。)

系表结构连系动词

编辑
连系动词分为三类:be 动词,感官动词,趋势动词。
1) Be 动词:am, is, are, was, were
2) 感官动词:sound, look, taste, feel, smell
3) 趋势动词:appear, become, grow, get, turn, seem, remain,go
趋势即事物发展的动向如来,去,成为等等
注意:
有一些动词既可以做连系动词又可以作及物动词和不及物动词。
He is growing very fast. ---不及物动词
I am growing apples in my backyard.---及物动词
The sea is growing rough.---连系动词
He is tasting the food.--- 及物动词
The food tastes good.--- 连系动词
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